I regularly field many questions about specific high-yield investments. The questions often specify a closed-end fund (CEFs), and the investor asking often does not realize the high-yield stock symbol that caught their interest is a closed-end fund. Today, let’s look at CEFs, both pros and cons…lots of cons.
CEF stands for closed-end fund. A closed-end fund operates like a mutual fund. The fund managers invest in a portfolio of assets. Investors own shares and participate in the results generated by the portfolio. The difference for a CEF is that the management company does not sell or redeem shares. A closed-end fund comes to market with an IPO; after that, shares trade on one of the stock exchanges.
It is essential to understand that if an investor wants to sell shares of a CEF, the shares will be purchased by another investor. The fund management company does not redeem the shares. This feature means that the management company does not risk losing assets due to investors bailing out of the fund. A closed-end fund can put up terrible performance for years, and the managers will still collect rather hefty management fees.
Known for high-yield offerings, the CEF universe has become what I call the “junkyard” for Wall Street bankers. When these bankers come out with a new security that turns out to be unattractive for large money managers like pension funds or mutual funds, they can usually find the securities a home in the CEF world. When I dig into the workings of a closed-end fund, I am often amazed at the low-quality investments, or even that I have never heard of the types of securities held by the fund.
A closed-end fund can use leverage to boost returns—typically up to 30% leverage. Also, a CEF can elect a managed dividend policy, which often leads to funds paying out the destructive return of capital (ROC) being called dividends.
You may have formed the idea that I am not a fan of CEFs. You are correct. However, out of the 468 funds listed on the CEF Connect website, I have found two gold nuggets that I think are acceptable for my Dividend Hunter recommendations list. One of them pays a 6% yield and goes ex-div a mid-month. Here’s how to get access to them.
For fun today, here are the three closed-end funds with the highest distribution yields. I am not recommending these investments! I share them to illustrate some of the factors discussed earlier. I repeat, I am NOT recommending them.
Cornerstone Strategic Value (CLM) currently yields 17.3%. The fund owns a portfolio of blue-chip stocks such as Microsoft, Apple, Johnson & Johnson, and JP Morgan Chase. Out of the $0.16 per share monthly dividend, $0.015 cents classifies as income. About one-third of the dividend comes from realized capital gains, and the remaining 56% is a return of investors’ own capital.
The Cornerstone Total Return Fund (CRF) yields 16.9%. The fund portfolio looks very much like the CLM holdings, yet, the CRF dividend comes in with 94%, classified as a return of capital. I have no idea how the distributions of these two nearly identical funds can have such different tax classifications.
OFS Credit Company Inc. (OCCI), despite the misleading name, is a closed-end fund yielding 14.9%. The fund portfolio consists of very high-yield collateralized loan obligations (CLOs). The portfolio of high-risk debt obligations gets propped up by 35% leverage in the portfolio. OCCI could be the poster child for all “junkyard” CEFs.
I hope today you learned a little about closed-end funds. The first lesson is to recognize that the high-yield security that caught your eye is a actually CEF. From there, you can do your digging into how the fund operates, and make a decision as to whether you want to invest.