Dividend-paying stocks with very high yields are priced that way to price in the probability of a dividend cut. The higher the yield, the greater the potential for a dividend reduction, at least in the opinion of the investing public. The concept to grasp about high-yield stocks is that whether the dividend gets cut on a particular stock is a binary outcome. Either it won’t get reduced, which means investors earn a very attractive yield and cash flow from the stock or the dividend does get cut.
If that’s the case, even though the market has “priced in” a dividend cut with the higher yield when an actual dividend reduction is announced, the share price often drops by a significant amount. It is even more painful when the dividend on a high yield stock gets cut.
My Dividend Hunter service provides guidance and recommended investments for those who want to build a high yield stock portfolio. I analyze hundreds of high yield stocks to populate a recommendations list with those (with those what?) where my research shows the dividends are secure, despite the high yield pricing of the shares. Very few stocks with yields of 7% or higher meet my criteria to recommend them to subscribers.
The most basic criteria for a high yield stock is to determine if the company is generating free cash flow greater than the amount paid to investors as dividends. I would also like to see a growing cash flow per share. If a company goes for an extended period without covering the dividend, a dividend cut may be the only solution, even if management doesn’t want to do that to investors.
Here are three shopping center real estate investment trusts (REITs) that may not earn enough in 2020 to pay the dividends and are forced into dividend reductions. In early December mall REIT CBL & Associates (CBL) showed an early warning sign when they announced they would be suspending all common and preferred stock dividend payments.
The Macerich Company (MAC) is an owner and operator of high-end “Class A” shopping malls. The Macerich website claims the company owns “unique and irreplaceable properties and dominant position in the nation’s gateway markets — the most affluent and densely populated with a significant international appeal.” Sounds good.
Macerich has been a dividend growth stock, increasing its payout every year since 2010. However, with a current yield of over 11%, the market definitely thinks the dividend is more likely to be cut rather than increased in 2020.
The 2019 FFO per share will barely cover the dividend. Next year, at the current dividend rate, the forecast is for FFO to be about 5% short of the dividend. This stock will be a buy after the dividend is cut to a more sustainable level.
PREIT (PEI) owns a portfolio of higher-end shopping malls primarily located in the Philadelphia and Washington,D.C. MSAs (metropolitan statistical areas). PEI shares are currently priced to yield over 16%.
For the first three quarters of 2019, Adjusted FFO per share was $0.71, down from $1.01 for the same period in 2018. A 30% drop in the cash flow to pay dividends is not a trend you want to see.
One forecast has PRIET generating in 2020 just 75% of the cash it needs to pay the current dividend rate. Don’t buy or own this stock for the big yield.
Washington Prime Group Inc. (WPG) owns a portfolio of lower quality class “B” and “C” malls. The company was spun-off in 2014 by Simon Property Group (SPG), which is the premium class-A mall REIT.
It looks like Simon formed the new company to get rid of the problem properties in its portfolio. WPG has paid a steady $0.25 per share since the second quarter of 2015.
That rate produces a current eye-popping yield of 28%. Current FFO per share is covering the dividend, but the investing world believes that retail bankruptcies will hit WPG’s lower-quality malls, especially hard, and the company won’t be able to release empty space.
For the 2019 third quarter, net operating income fell by 5.5%. This drop is a direct result of tenant bankruptcies. This REIT needs to cut the dividend to have cash to redevelop its properties.